What are the 4 S's of Seizure First Aid?Side, Soft, Stay, and Safe.
Side - Lay the person on their side
Soft - Place something soft under their head
Stay - Stay with the person until they are
What is epilepsy? A neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent seizures
What is a seizure? A seizure is a change in sensation, awareness, behavior brought about by abnormal electrical discharges in brain cells in the brain.
Is there a cure for epilepsy?No
What Part of the Body does Epilepsy affect?Brain. Epilepsy is a condition where there are disturbances in the normal electrical charges in the brain. When a strong burst of energy occurs in the brain, a seizure occurs.
What are three of the most common triggers? lack of sleep, missed medication, stress. There are several triggers, but these are among the most common. Some other common triggers can be flashing lights, hormonal changes, and alcohol.
What is an aura?A warning that a seizure may occur. An aura is a strange sensation that is felt before a seizure occurs. Not all people experience the same type of aura. It can come in the form of a deja vu feeling, a particular taste or smell, etc.
At what age can epilepsy occur? Epilepsy can occur at any age and from several different causes. Some include heredity, strokes, and head injuries. Some illnesses and infections are known to cause epilepsy as well.
Who can be diagnosed with epilepsy? Anyone. Epilepsy is not more common with a certain race, cread or gender. Epilepsy does not discriminate.
What kind of doctor treats epilepsy? Epileptologists are experts in epileptic seizures and seizure disorders, anticonvulsants, and special situations involving seizures, such as cases in which all treatment intended to stop seizures has failed and epilepsy
Can animals have epilepsy? Yes. Unfortunately animals can have seizures also. There are medications to fit their needs as well.
How many people (on average) will develop epilepsy? 1 in 26 people will develop epilepsy in their lifetime.
If a person is having a seizure should you put something in their mouth so they don’t swallow their tongue?NO. It is impossible to swallow your tongue. Try it right now. You cant. Placing something in their mouth creates a choking hazard and you could be injured as well. When a person has a seizure they can bite down hard and lock their jaw.
How much is spent on Epilepsy medications and treatments each year?Epilepsy costs equal approximately $15.5 billion each year in the US. The indirect costs associated with uncontrolled seizures are seven times higher than that of the average for all chronic diseases.
You should always time a seizure and call 911 if the seizure lasts how long?(This is for people who have epilepsy only. If this is a person’s first seizure call 911 right away) Epileptologists and the epilepsy support network recommend 5 minutes. But always check for a medical ID bracelet because every person’s medical plan is different.
How many different types of seizures are there? There are over 40 different types of seizures
Can people with epilepsy develop autism? Seizures are the most common neurologic complication in ASD. No. Not all autistic children will develop seizures. Similarly, not all children with epilepsy will have autism. Approximately a third of the autistic spectrum also have epilepsy.
What is the difference between a Focal (partial) and a generalized seizure? Focal (or partial) seizures occur when seizure activity is limited to a part of one brain hemisphere. There is a site, or a focus, in the brain where the seizure begins. Generalized seizures occur when there is widespread seizure activity in the left and right hemispheres of the brain.
What is an Absence Seizure? In an absence seizure, epileptic activity occurs throughout the entire brain. It is a milder type of activity that causes unconsciousness without convulsions. After the seizure, the person has no memory of it. An absence seizure begins and ends abruptly and without warning. It consists of a period of unconsciousness with a blank stare. It may look like the person is daydreaming. The person may lose muscle control and make repetitive movements such as: chewing movements, rapid breathing, rhythmic blinking,
slight movements or tugging at clothing, Absence seizures are brief, usually lasting only two to 10 seconds. There is no confusion after the seizure, and the person can usually resume full activity immediately.
What is a Tonic-Clonic Seizure? During a generalized tonic-clonic (formerly grand mal) seizure, electric discharges instantaneously involve the entire brain. The person loses consciousness right from the beginning of the seizure. The muscles will stiffen (tonic phase), causing him/her to fall to the floor. The extremities will then jerk and twitch rhythmically (clonic phase). A tonic-clonic seizure usually lasts one to three minutes, but may last up to five minutes. If seizures last more than five minutes, or occur one after another without recover between seizures get immediate medical help.
What do you do after a Tonic-Clonic Seizure? The period after the seizure is referred to as the postictal state. During this time, the person will need to rest. It may be difficult to wake him/her or get any response from him/her during this time. After a seizure, the person may feel fatigue, confusion and disorientation, which may last from five minutes to several hours or even days. Rarely, this disorientation may last up to two weeks. The person may fall asleep, or gradually become less confused until full consciousness is regained. S/he may have a headache once s/he regains consciousness. There is no evidence that tonic-clonic seizures cause brain damage.
What should you do during a tonic-clonic seizure? Keep calm. Protect from further injury. remove sharp object, place something soft under head and remove constricting clothing.
Do not restrain the person. Do not insert anything in the mouth. Roll on his/her side
If a seizure lasts longer than five minutes or repeats without full recovery, seek medical assistance immediately. Talk gently to the person after the seizure.
How many people are effected by epilepsy worldwide? Approximately 65 million people are affected by epilepsy
How many medications are there to treat epilepsy?There are currently over 50 different medications to treat epilepsy
What is a VNS? Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) may prevent or lessen seizures by sending regular, mild pulses of electrical energy to the brain via the vagus nerve.
The device is programmed in the outpatient clinic to deliver pulses or stimulation at regular intervals. A person does not need to do anything for this device to work. A person with a VNS device is usually not aware of the stimulation while it is working. If a person is aware of when a seizure happens, they can swipe a magnet over the generator in the left chest area to send an extra burst of stimulation to the brain. For some people this may help stop seizures.